Where did the Goombas come from?

In the Super Mario series, there are little creatures called Goombas. If you haven’t played Mario, this is a Goomba.

a Goomba

My question is this: Where did they come from? What inspired the Goomba? It’s been in Mario since its start, so what exactly is it, and where did it come from?

Answer

They came from the Mushroom Kingdom, being residents that joined Bowser.

A mushroom who betrayed the Mushroom Kingdom.
Super Mario Bros. manual

They are inspired by mushrooms. Specifically shiitake mushrooms:

shiitake mushrooms
Goomba sprite from SMB1

We decided that that we should make an enemy that you could easily squash with a single blow. That’s why we made it so that the first enemy the player would encounter would be a Goomba. But we created it right at the very end. […] It’s a shiitake mushroom!
Iwata Asks: New Super Mario Bros. Wii


As an aside, in Japanese they are called Kuribō, which means something like “chestnut person”. While presumably this refers to the colour, the design in Super Mario World was of a literal chestnut rather than a mushroom.

chestnuts
Goomba sprite from SMW


click images to enlarge

Attribution
Source : Link , Question Author : RedFlame0627 , Answer Author : OrangeDog

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